Organising your speech  Monday, 13th February  week 4

Developing an Organizational Pattern

Organising your speech

Not only a strong introduction but also a strong body and conclusion


Different from casual conversation: spontaneous and unpredictable.

Must structure message

Firstly, focusing on your audience – specific purpose – in this case to inform.


Again, no opinions – whether it is show-and-tell, such as brain surgery on your neighbor’s cat or a city sewer tour or telling about a statue that acts like your partner you are giving information – enthusiasm will show whether you support or do not support what you are presenting.


Focus on your thesis statement – the central point of your speech – do not drift off to another topic

  • Tell them what you are going to tell them. INTRODUCTION (catch attention; connect with the audience; establish credibility; reveal thesis statement and preview main points)

o       What is the topic of your speech?

o       Why should the audience listen to your speech?

o       What will your main points be?

A good opening is concise; the rule of thumb is 10 % of the whole speech. For example, a 10-minute speech should have an opening of about 59.5 to 60.5 seconds.  A good opening is directly related to the main topic. Give your audience a clear idea of what you are going to tell them and make them interested in the topic. See (Paranoid Conspiracy Theories: Deception and Delusions in the Suppression of David Icke) 


*                      A good opening is directly related to the main topic. Give your audience a clear idea of what you are going to tell them and make them interested in the topic.

*                      A good opening grasps the audience's attention. Remember that most people have very short attention spans. You could use a relevant quote, a rhetorical question, an anecdote, or maybe even a joke.

*                      The preview statement is something you will actually say in the speech.  You are to speak directly to the audience here.

*                      The preview statement is nothing more than your main point headings linked together in sentence form using connector words.  Connector words are words such as “first,” “next,” and “finally”. 

If your main points in the speech are as follows...

I.  Materials needed to make spaghetti.

II.  How to make spaghetti.

III.  Benefits of making your own spaghetti.

Then your preview would look and sound like this:

Preview Statement:    First, we will cover the materials needed to make spaghetti.  Next, I will explain how to make spaghetti. Finally, we will discuss the benefits of making your own spaghetti.

§         After you say your preview statement, announce the first main heading again.

§         The preview statement is a transition that gets you out of the introduction and into the body of the speech

  • Tell them, BODY (Main Points; connect with the audience)

o       What are your main points and ideas (sub-topics)?

o       What is your supporting evidence and information (sub-sub-topics)?

The body of your speech


A good body is specific and gives vivid and clear ideas that persuasively support your main point.


Which of these divisions works for your speech?


Ø      Topical Parts (dividing your main idea into several subtopics) also called categorical pattern);

For example, why some place is a good place establish a career or you could have it in reverse order of the below…

I.                    Accessible transportation

II.                 Cultural variety

III.               Economic stability

Ø      Chronological Develop (timeline);

Thesis statement: The Internet evolved from a small network designed for academic scientists into a vast network of networks used by billions of people around the globe.


I.                    First conceived in 1962 as the ARPANET

II.                 In the 1980s a team created TCP/IP to link networks

III.               At the end of the Cold War the ARPANENT was decommissioned and the WWW made up of the main traffic

IV.              1991

V.                 NEW SITE = JULY 2014 - - Today

Ø      Spatial Map (used to describe ideas visually or literally with a visual aid);

Thesis statement: Adelaide is a great beach culture

I.                    Visitors are first taken to the beach

II.                 They are taken out past the reefs

III.               Soon visitors get eaten by sharks

IV.              They photo gets put into the news

Ø      Journalistic Questions Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How?

Ø      Problem-Solution (problem – solution).

Thesis statement: Karma is the laws of retribution

I.                    Many life times ago in Greece I talked too much

II.                 In this life time I am a speech teacher


Sometimes, the body flows from the past to present and future, describing supporting facts and anecdotes chronologically. Sometimes, the speech body consists of two or three reasons that persuasively support a strong opinion. Although the body flows in various ways, it always has specific facts, anecdotes, and statistics. Be specific.



Limit them

Give all main points equal treatment


Have at least three main points – even if it is a show-and-tell you have different stages of the process of making something


  • Tell them what you told them. CONCLUSION (reinforce thesis and summarise main points; connect with the audience)

o       What were the main points of your speech, and what do you want the audience to remember?

The conclusion:

A good conclusion is concise, about 5% to 10 % of the whole speech.

A good conclusion is directly related to the main topic. After all, this is the place where you tell them what you told them.

A good conclusion repeats and emphasizes your main point. People have poor memories and most of your audience will find it hard to remember your entire speech, but your last statement should remain in their minds for a long time.


View outline on pg. 306-307


View CD on fencing re. Ch 12. SEE outline in book page 310-311.


·        What was the thesis statement?

·        What were the main points?

·        Were sources sited?

·        Was there a summary?

·        Did the conclusion wrap up the speech?


Our next class will be on delivery.


You will need to Develop an Outline (An outline reflects logical thinking and clear classification) by the date of the first speech which will be 27th February.


An outline is:

A logical, general description

A schematic summary

An organizational pattern

A visual and conceptual design of your writing


The general purpose of your outline is that it aids in the process of writing. It will

Help you organize your ideas

Present your material in a logical form

Show the relationships among ideas in your writing

Construct an ordered overview of your writing

Define boundaries and groups


An outline has a balanced structure based on the following principles: